Annual Berggruen Prize for Philosophy & Culture Awarded to Dr. Paul Farmer for Advancements in Global Public Health Equity

The medical anthropologist leading global COVID-19 relief efforts follows in the footsteps of 2019 Prize Laureate, Former Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg of the Supreme Court of the United States  

Rachel S. Bauch

The Berggruen Prize Jury today announced its selection of Dr. Paul Farmer as the winner of the 2020 Berggruen Prize for Philosophy & Culture. The $1 million award is given annually to thinkers whose ideas have profoundly shaped human self-understanding and advancement in a rapidly changing world. The Prize Jury has chosen Dr. Farmer for his impactful work at the intersection of public health and human rights.

“We are proud to award Dr. Paul Farmer the Berggruen Prize for transforming how we think about infectious diseases, social inequality, and caring for others while standing in solidarity with them. He has reshaped our understanding not just of what it means to be sick or healthy but also of what it means to treat health as a human right and the ethical and political obligations that follow,” stated Dr. Kwame Anthony Appiah, Chair of the Berggruen Prize Jury and Professor of Philosophy and Law at New York University.

Dr. Farmer is the author of twelve books written throughout a nearly thirty-year career in building lifesaving medical care systems in resource-poor communities, most notably in Haiti and West Africa. This lifetime of global health expertise has been instrumental in understanding and addressing the complexities of the coronavirus pandemic. Bringing vast experience from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, he and his colleagues at Partners In Health designed and implemented the COVID-19 response in Massachusetts, centered around an intensive contact tracing program inclusive of resource coordinators to help people isolate safely. This approach was widely adopted by dozens of other states.

“As both thinker and actor, Dr. Paul Farmer has connected the philosophical articulation of human rights to the practical pursuit of health,” remarked Nicolas Berggruen, Chairman of the Berggruen Institute. “He has done this on the basis of new ideas and new analyses and also by connecting the human experience and practical politics of health to enduring challenges of human rights and justice. Not least, he has led by impressive moral example as an educator, a leader, and a physician.”

Dr. Farmer was selected from hundreds of nominees including some of the world’s most renowned thinkers spanning the fields of philosophy, social science, global justice, bioethics and beyond. As the fifth winner, he joins a prestigious group of Berggruen Prize laureates, including the Former Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg of the Supreme Court of the United States.

In both theory and practice, Dr. Farmer’s career has worked to change how the world thinks about health and disease. In AIDS and Accusation, Farmer addressed how disease was entangled with place and social relations examining the profoundly interactive effects of social structure and biology. Farmer remained active in the struggle against AIDS, breaking new ground in linking analysis of gender, drugs, and poverty. His life-long commitment to Haiti is manifest both in his medical practice and in Haiti after the Earthquake, which remains among the most important analyses of when international assistance works and when it doesn’t. In Pathologies of Power, Farmer connected the struggle for better health to the pursuit of human rights bringing a crucial new dimension to the understandings of global public health as is also evident in his newest book, Fevers, Feuds, and Diamonds: Ebola and the Ravages of History.

In 1983, he began his lifelong commitment to Haiti while still a student working with dispossessed farmers in Haiti’s Central Plateau. He served there for ten years as medical director of a charity hospital, L’Hôpital Bon Sauveur. As a co-founder of Partners in Health, Farmer has led colleagues working in twelve sites throughout Haiti and twelve additional countries for the past 26 years. Founded in 1987, Partners in Health has become a model for health care for poor communities worldwide and provides the basis for developing a science of global health delivery implementation.

“Most recently, Dr. Farmer demonstrates how best to address this pandemic and prevent future ones. Dr. Farmer’s call to improve public health systems is a matter not only of science but also of politics, economics, and ethics,” stated Dr. Amy Gutmann, Berggruen Prize Juror and President of the University of Pennsylvania. “In this crisis, like the ones that preceded it, our knowledge far outpaces our will to put effective solutions into action. Farmer has shown that health and health care disparities worsen the pandemic, and he calls for the social as well as medical support needed by all communities ravaged by coronavirus. He also emphasizes—while doing all in his own power to address—the special burden of caregivers. And he helps explain why for all its importance, the arrival of vaccines will not replace the need for basic public health measures.”

Dr. Farmer is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and recently served as the United Nations Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Community Based Medicine and Lessons from Haiti. Farmer holds both an M.D. and a Ph.D. in Anthropology from Harvard University, where he is the Kolokotrones University Professor and chairs the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine. He also is professor of medicine and chief of the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. 

About the Berggruen Prize for Philosophy & Culture
Established by philanthropist Nicolas Berggruen in 2016, the Berggruen Prize for Philosophy & Culture was first awarded to Canadian philosopher Charles Taylor for his impact on the humanities, social sciences and public affairs in deepening understanding among different intellectual traditions and civilization. Baroness O’Neill of Bengarve was the 2017 Berggruen Prize laureate for her work as a citizen philosopher who has elevated the quality of public life and improved the very vocabulary of public discourse. In 2018, public and moral philosopher Martha C. Nussbaum received the award for her framework for thinking about human capabilities, and exploring vulnerability, fear and anger in moral and political life. Last year, Associate Justice Ginsburg was recognized for her life’s work in pioneering gender equality and strengthening the rule of law.

This year’s Berggruen Prize Jury, headed by Kwame Anthony Appiah, is an international group of authors and thinkers including Antonio Damasio, Yuk Hui, Elif Shafak, David Chalmers, Wang Hui, and former jury member Amy Gutmann. The winner of the 2020 Berggruen Prize emerged from a list of finalists from diverse fields of research. The Berggruen Institute administers the Prize and welcomes nominations of thinkers whose ideas have both intellectual depth and long-term social and practical value across nations and cultures.

The work and ideas of Dr. Paul Farmer will be celebrated in a virtual talk moderated by our event partners BBC News World Service in late spring 2021.  Event details will be announced in February 2021.


About the Berggruen Institute

The Berggruen Institute’s mission is to develop foundational ideas and shape political, economic, and social institutions for the 21st century. Providing critical analysis using an outwardly expansive and purposeful network, we bring together some of the best minds and most authoritative voices from across cultural and political boundaries to explore fundamental questions of our time. Our objective is enduring impact on the progress and direction of societies around the world. To date, projects inaugurated at the Berggruen Institute have helped develop a youth jobs plan for Europe, fostered a more open and constructive dialogue between Chinese leadership and the West, strengthened the ballot initiative process in California, and launched Noema, a new publication that brings thought leaders from around the world together to share ideas. In addition, the Berggruen Prize, a $1 million award, is conferred annually by an independent jury to a thinker whose ideas are shaping human self-understanding to advance humankind



composed by Arswain
machine learning consultation by Anna Tskhovrebov
commissioned by the Berggruen Institute
premiered at the Bradbury Building
downtown Los Angeles
april 22, 2022

Human perception of what sounds “beautiful” is necessarily biased and exclusive. If we are to truly expand our hearing apparatus, and thus our notion of beauty, we must not only shed preconceived sonic associations but also invite creative participation from beings non-human and non-living. We must also begin to cede creative control away from ourselves and toward such beings by encouraging them to exercise their own standards of beauty and collaborate with each other.

Movement I: Alarm Call
‘Alarm Call’ is a long-form composition and sound collage that juxtaposes, combines, and manipulates alarm calls from various human, non-human, and non-living beings. Evolutionary biologists understand the alarm call to be an altruistic behavior between species, who, by warning others of danger, place themselves by instinct in a broader system of belonging. The piece poses the question: how might we hear better to broaden and enhance our sense of belonging in the universe? Might we behave more altruistically if we better heed the calls of – and call out to – non-human beings?

Using granular synthesis, biofeedback, and algorithmic modulation, I fold the human alarm call – the siren – into non-human alarm calls, generating novel “inter-being” sonic collaborations with increasing sophistication and complexity. 

Movement II: A.I.-Truism
A synthesizer piece co-written with an AI in the style of Vangelis’s Blade Runner score, to pay homage to the space of the Bradbury Building.

Movement III: Alarmism
A machine learning model “learns” A.I.Truism and recreates Alarm Call, generating an original fusion of the two.

Movement IV: A.I. Call
A machine learning model “learns” Alarm Call and recreates A.I.Truism, generating an original fusion of the two.