Fred Hu

Fred Hu

Chairman and Founder, Primavera Capital


Dr. Hu is Chairman and founder of Primavera Capital Group, a China-based global investment firm. He was formerly a Partner, Managing Director and Chairman of Greater China at Goldman Sachs and was instrumental in building the firm’s franchise in the region.

He also served as an economist at the I.M.F. in Washington D.C, where he was engaged in macroeconomic research, policy consultations and technical assistance for member country governments including China. He has been co-Director at the National Center for Economic Research and Professor at Tsinghua University since 1996, and is a member of the editorial board for several academic journals and a columnist for China’s leading business magazines.

Dr. Hu has advised the Chinese government on financial and pension reform, SOE restructuring, and macroeconomic policies. He currently sits on Hong Kong Government’s Strategic Development Committee and the Advisory Committee for the Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission. He is a member of the advisory committees of Harvard China Fund, Stanford Center for International Development, and the Chazen Institute of Columbia Business School. He is also a director of the South China Morning Post Group Limited, a trustee of China Medical Board, and the Co-Chair of the Nature Conservatory’s China Board.

Dr. Hu holds a Master in Engineering Science from Tsinghua University, and a Master and PhD in Economics from Harvard University.

Dr. Hu was previously a member of the 21st Century Council, and The WorldPost Advisory Council.

composed by Arswain
machine learning consultation by Anna Tskhovrebov
commissioned by the Berggruen Institute
premiered at the Bradbury Building
downtown Los Angeles
april 22, 2022

Human perception of what sounds “beautiful” is necessarily biased and exclusive. If we are to truly expand our hearing apparatus, and thus our notion of beauty, we must not only shed preconceived sonic associations but also invite creative participation from beings non-human and non-living. We must also begin to cede creative control away from ourselves and toward such beings by encouraging them to exercise their own standards of beauty and collaborate with each other.

Movement I: Alarm Call
‘Alarm Call’ is a long-form composition and sound collage that juxtaposes, combines, and manipulates alarm calls from various human, non-human, and non-living beings. Evolutionary biologists understand the alarm call to be an altruistic behavior between species, who, by warning others of danger, place themselves by instinct in a broader system of belonging. The piece poses the question: how might we hear better to broaden and enhance our sense of belonging in the universe? Might we behave more altruistically if we better heed the calls of – and call out to – non-human beings?

Using granular synthesis, biofeedback, and algorithmic modulation, I fold the human alarm call – the siren – into non-human alarm calls, generating novel “inter-being” sonic collaborations with increasing sophistication and complexity. 

Movement II: A.I.-Truism
A synthesizer piece co-written with an AI in the style of Vangelis’s Blade Runner score, to pay homage to the space of the Bradbury Building.

Movement III: Alarmism
A machine learning model “learns” A.I.Truism and recreates Alarm Call, generating an original fusion of the two.

Movement IV: A.I. Call
A machine learning model “learns” Alarm Call and recreates A.I.Truism, generating an original fusion of the two.