Timothy Shortley presently serves as Senior Director for Africa and Washington D.C. Representative for the Berggruen Institute. In this capacity, Mr. Shortley leads initiatives in select African countries focused on governance and economic transformation and supports the Berggruen Institute. Prior to his appointment with the Berggruen Institute, Tim served as Deputy to the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and Director for the Office of the U.S. Special Envoy, serving both the Bush and Obama Administrations from July 2008 to January 2011. Tim served as Senior Advisor for Conflict Resolution to Assistant Secretary Jendayi Frazer from July 2007 to December 2008 with a focus on peace processes in the Great Lakes region. Additionally, Mr. Shortley served as Director for Africa on the National Security Council at the White House from October 2005 to July 2007. His portfolio included Sudan and East Africa, humanitarian, development and security issues. Mr. Shortley served with USAID from April 1995 to October 2005 in the humanitarian relief, conflict response, and development. Mr. Shortley travelled extensively in West, East and Central Africa, including living overseas for seven years in Rwanda and Ethiopia. In 1991, Tim began his career with the United Nations World Food Program in Rome, mobilizing resources and programming for emergency, refugee and internally displaced persons operations. Mr. Shortley attended Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio, and the College of Naval Command and Staff College at the Naval War College.