Geopolitics and Globalization

21st Century Council

As the premiere program for the Berggruen Institute and its work in the area of Geopolitics and Globalization, the 21st Century Council — an international group of 40 former heads of state or government, global thinkers and tech entrepreneurs — was founded in 2010 as a forum to address the challenges faced by both advanced and emerging countries in an interdependent, but fragmenting world.

At its first meeting in Paris, the Council adopted the working theme of “building on a convergence of interests to forge a global community of interests.” Since that time, the Council has advised and met with chairs of the annual G-20 summit and organized regular “Understanding China” meetings with President Xi Jinping and other top leaders in Beijing in 2013, 2015 and 2018.

In the wake of the anti-globalization backlash that brought nationalist and populist movements to power in major countries, the Council has focused on how to harness globalization so that it works for all (21st Century Council Annual Report 2017) and preventing a division of the world once again into hostile geopolitical blocs.

Members of the 21st Century Council:

People of the 21st Century Council

Shaukat Aziz

Shaukat Aziz

Former Prime Minister of Pakistan (2004-2007); Senior Visiting Research Fellow, Green Templeton College, Oxford

Nicolas Berggruen

Nicolas Berggruen

Chairman and Founder

Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown

Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (2007 - 2010); United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education

James Cameron

James Cameron

Academy Award Winning Director and Co-Founder, Lightstorm Entertainment

Fernando Henrique Cardoso

Fernando Henrique Cardoso

Former President of Brazil (1995 - 2002); Founder of the Fernando Henrique Cardoso Foundation

Juan Luis Cebrián

Juan Luis Cebrián

Founder and Honorary President, El Pais

Jared Cohen

Jared Cohen

Founder and President, Jigsaw

Jack Dorsey

Jack Dorsey

Co-founder and CEO, Twitter and Square

Mohamed A. El-Erian

Mohamed A. El-Erian

Chief Economic Advisor, Allianz

John Elkann

John Elkann

Chairman, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles; Chairman & CEO, Exor

Francis Fukuyama

Francis Fukuyama

Mosbacher Director of the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, Stanford University

John Gray

John Gray

Emeritus Professor of European Thought, London School of Economics

Reid Hoffman

Reid Hoffman

Founder and Partner, Greylock Partners

Seok-Hyun Hong

Seok-Hyun Hong

Chairman and CEO of the JoongAng Media Network

Fred Hu

Fred Hu

Chairman and Founder, Primavera Capital

Arianna Huffington

Arianna Huffington

Founder & CEO, Thrive Global

Chad Hurley

Chad Hurley

Co-Founder and CEO, MixBit

Mohamed "Mo" Ibrahim

Mohamed "Mo" Ibrahim

Founder & Chairman, Mo Ibrahim Foundation

Walter Isaacson

Walter Isaacson

University Professor of History, Tulane

Alexei Kudrin

Alexei Kudrin

Chairman of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation

Ricardo Lagos

Ricardo Lagos

Former President of Chile (2000 - 2006); United Nations Special Envoy on Climate Change

Pascal Lamy

Pascal Lamy

Former Director General of the World Trade Organization; President Emeritus, Jacques Delors Institute

Eric X. Li

Eric X. Li

Founder & Managing Director, Chengwei Capital

Kishore Mahbubani

Kishore Mahbubani

Professor in the Practice of Public Policy at Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

Felipe González Márquez

Felipe González Márquez

Former Prime Minister of Spain (1982 - 1996)

Paul Martin

Paul Martin

Former Prime Minister of Canada (2003 - 2006); Founder, Martin Family Initiative

Alain Minc

Alain Minc

President & Founder, A.M. Counseil

Festus Mogae

Festus Mogae

Chairperson, Champions for an AIDS-Free Generation

Dambisa Moyo

Dambisa Moyo

Economist

Elon Musk

Elon Musk

Chairman & CEO, Tesla & SpaceX

Xavier Niel

Xavier Niel

Deputy Chairman and Chief Strategy Officer, Iliad

Pierre Omidyar

Pierre Omidyar

Founder, Omidyar Group

Raghuram Rajan

Raghuram Rajan

Former Governor of the Reserve Bank of India (2013 - 2016); Katherine Dusak Miller Distinguished Service Professor of Finance, Chicago Booth at the University of Chicago

Nouriel	Roubini

Nouriel Roubini

Chairman & CEO, Roubini Macro Associates, LLC

Kevin Rudd

Kevin Rudd

Kevin Rudd is the former PM of Australia (2007-2010, 2013); President, Asia Society

Nicolas Sarkozy

Nicolas Sarkozy

Former President of France (2007 - 2010)

Eric E. Schmidt

Eric E. Schmidt

Former Executive Chairman, Alphabet

Gerhard Schröder

Gerhard Schröder

Former Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (1998 - 2005); Chairman, Board of Directors, Rosneft

Peter Schwartz

Peter Schwartz

Senior Vice President for Global Government Relations & Strategic Planning, SalesForce

Stephen Schwarzman

Stephen Schwarzman

CEO & Founder, Blackstone

Amartya Sen

Amartya Sen

Nobel Laureate, Economic Sciences; Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, Harvard University

Jeff Skoll

Jeff Skoll

Founder & Chairman, Skoll Foundation

Patrick Soon-Shiong

Patrick Soon-Shiong

Chairman & CEO, Nantworks

Michael Spence

Michael Spence

Nobel Laureate, Economic Sciences; William R. Berkley Professor in Economics & Business, New York University

Evan Spiegel

Evan Spiegel

Founder & CEO, Snap Inc.

Joseph E. Stiglitz

Joseph E. Stiglitz

Nobel Laureate, Economic Sciences; University Professor, Columbia University

Lawrence Summers

Lawrence Summers

Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (1999 - 2001); Charles W. Eliot Professor & President Emeritus, Harvard University

Helle Thorning-Schmidt

Helle Thorning-Schmidt

Former Prime Minister of Denmark (2011-2015); CEO, Save the Children

Laura D. Tyson

Laura D. Tyson

Director, Institute for Business & Social Impact at the Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley

Park Won-soon

Park Won-soon

Mayor of Seoul, Korea

Tadashi Yanai

Tadashi Yanai

Founder & President, Fast Retailing

Jerry Yang

Jerry Yang

Founding Partner, AME Cloud Ventures

George Yeo

George Yeo

Chairman & Executive Director, Kerry Logistics

Fareed Zakaria

Fareed Zakaria

Host, CNN's Global Public Square

Ernesto Zedillo

Ernesto Zedillo

Former President of Mexico (1994 - 2000); Director of the Center for the Study of Globalization, Yale University

Lei Zhang

Lei Zhang

Chairman & CEO, Hillhouse Capital Management Group

Bijian Zheng

Bijian Zheng

Founder & Chairman, China Institute for Innovation and Development Strategy (CIIDS)

Min Zhu

Min Zhu

Former Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (2011 - 2016); Former Special Advisor to the Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (2010 - 2011); Vice Chairman, China Institute for Innovation & Development Strategy (CIIDS)